In line with Sections 11 and 13 of the Civil Service Act, 1993 (PNDC Law 327), the Ministry of Employment and Labour Relations (MELR) was established by Executive Instrument (EI 28), January 2017. The Ministry is the lead policy agency of government in terms of employment and labour related issues. The MELR has the mandate of formulating policies on employment and labour issues, developing sector plans, coordinating sector specific interventions, promoting harmonious labour relations and workplace safety, promoting the elimination of child labour, monitoring and evaluating the implementation of policies, programmes and projects for accelerated employment creation for national development.
The Ministry executes its mandate through the development of employment and labour-related policies and strategies in tripartite consultations through the National Tripartite Committee (NTC) and other Social and Development Partners. The Vision of the Ministry is to promote decent jobs for all workers in Ghana and Ghanaians working abroad.
The Ministry was managed by a Political Head (the Minister), supported by a Deputy Minister and a Bureaucratic Head (Chief Director). The Chief Director carried out his responsibilities with the support of Four (4) Line Directorates, Nine (9) Units, Three (3) Civil Service Departments and Ten (10) Sub-vented Agencies. The Subvented Agencies were mainly skills development institutions providing employable and management skills training to the youth, as well as to workers in both the public and private sectors of the economy. The Departments and Agencies were responsible for the implementation of policies, programmes and projects of the Ministry. They performed distinct functions related to Labour Administration, Employment Creation and Skills Development.
In addition, the Ministry has supervisory authority over the Ghana office of the Organisation of African Trade Union Unity (OATUU), which is an autonomous regional union federation for Trade Union Centres in Africa. Since its inception, the OATUU has maintained a position of independence as an International Union Federation
The Ministry by Executive Instrument (EI 28), January 2017 is mandated to formulate policies on employment and labour issues, develop sector plans, coordinate sector specific interventions, promote harmonious labour relations and workplace safety, promote the elimination of child labour, monitor and evaluate the implementation of policies, programmes and projects for accelerated employment creation for national development.